Mapping of Synergies on Maputo Protocol
Equality between women and men is a fundamental aim of the Swedish feminist foreign policy.
The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, better known as the Maputo Protocol, guarantees comprehensive rights to women including the right to take part in the political process, to social and political equality with men, improved autonomy in their reproductive health decisions and an end to female genital mutilation. The Protocol was adopted by the African Union on 11 July 2003 at its second summit in Maputo Mozambique. On 25 November 2005, having been ratified by the required 15 member nations of the African Union, the protocol entered into force. Of the 54 member countries in the African Union, year 2015 49 have signed the protocol and 36 have ratified and deposited the protocol. The AU states that have neither signed nor ratified the Protocol are Tunisia, Botswana and Egypt. The states that have signed but not ratified are Algeria, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Niger, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Somalia, and Sudan. Out of these countries Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan are countries that cooperate with Sida. The Protocol has a special status within Africa as it derives from an AU initiative and is legally binding for states that have ratified it. However, there have been some challenges connected to the ratification, implementation and follow-up of the Maputo-protocol. Sida would therefore like to explore the possibilities to strengthen the ratification, domestication, implementation and reporting of the protocol.
In the annual plan 2017 an instruction was given by the Africa Department at Sida. This instruction states that the Regional Africa Team in Addis Ababa in close consultation with the SRHR team in Lusaka, should do a mapping to identify potential for enhanced regional – bilateral synergies with a bearing on the ratification and implementation of – and reporting on – the AU Maputo Protocol on gender equality and women’s rights.