Support in the development of the agricultural and rural development strategy of the Republic of Srpska
The assignment was carried out as part of ORGUT’s subcontract with Chemonics International within the USAID/Sida project –FARMA in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The purpose of USAID/Sida FARMA is to provide technical assistance in agricultural sub-sectors through demand driven assistance aimed at improved competitiveness of agricultural products. USAID/Sida FARMA is a development project jointly funded by USAID and Sida and implemented in Bosnia and Herzegovina. USAID/Sida FARMA is to expand environmentally sustainable production, processing, and sales of value-added agricultural products. The expected result of FARMA is contribution to poverty reduction. USAID/Sida FARMA is implemented by Chemonics International with ORGUT as a subcontractor. ORGUT provides consulting services aiming at increasing agricultural competitiveness, meeting EU accession standards, reducing poverty by expanding environmentally sustainable production, and increasing sales, exports, and employment. USAID/Sida FARMA’s approach focuses on four integrated components: Building sustainable market linkages for producers; Increasing access to finance; Building the capacity of producer organisations’ and other counterparts; and Enhancing the policy environment to benefit competitiveness of agricultural goods. In order to attain project goals, USAID/ Sida FARMA uses various tools, including a Development Fund and Partners Fund for targeted subcontracts to local partners.
The purpose of this assignment is to assist the RS Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management in the development of the RS agricultural and rural development strategy, which is broadly in line with the Common Agricultural Policy. Rural development is a key tool for the restructuring of the agriculture sector, and to encourage diversification and innovation in rural areas. In the agricultural sector, and in rural areas, the EU is pursuing balanced economic growth and technological improvement, and the creation of new jobs, but without jeopardizing the future standard of living of any region and, above all, in a way that is environmentally sustainable. The Common Agricultural Policy is a central element of this. The Policy involves the use of instruments to increase the economic competitiveness and environmental sustainability of farming.
Countries aspiring to become EU member states, are also developing strategies for rural and agriculture development. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, these strategies are being developed at the Entity level. Federation BiH has already drafted the agriculture development strategy while the rural development strategy is being finalized with donor support. On the other hand, these strategies are in the early stages for development in the Republic of Srpska (RS).
The aim of the Strategy for agriculture and rural development of the RS is to determine the rural and agriculture development goals and objectives as well as methods to achieve these objectives with an aim to increase agricultural production on a sustainable basis, increase the processing of agricultural products and facilitate sustainable and more equitable rural development.
The strategy for agriculture and rural development of RS will be prepared in two phases:
- Analysis of the current situation and perspectives for the development of agriculture and rural areas in the RS.
- Definition and development of a strategic framework for the development of agriculture and rural areas in the RS.